#MOCAASlowLook is an opportunity to take a moment and look a little deeper at selected artworks exhibited at Zeitz MOCAA.
This month, we look at US-born artist Glenn Ligon’s series of lithographs, Runaways (1993).
Ligon explores the history of slavery, racial stereotypes, and self-empowerment through resistance movements. He does this through the insertion of the self, through the use of specific names, personal histories and testimonies, within larger histories.
Ligon subverts nineteenth-century handbills, specifically, advertisements spurred on by the United States of America’s federal Fugitive Slave Law of 1793. This legislation forced citizens to return escaped slaves to the state.
The texts in the Runaways series describe the appearance, mannerisms and personality of the artist. These accounts of his character given by his loved ones are presented in a manner reminiscent of a wanted poster or a missing person’s report.
Ligon also uses a symbol of the abolitionist movement, including the image of former slave Frederick Douglass (1818 – 1895), who was a leader in the abolitionist movement, an orator and statesman. More than 6,000 enslaved individuals escaped captivity on the Underground Railroad, a secret network of routes and shelters between 1810 and 1850.
Runaways is a comment on the violence of racial classification still experienced today, including that of police brutality inflicted due to racial profiling.
However, Ligon resists the legacy of this history by making the character depicted in Runaways defy the attempts to reduce him to a mere commodity.